Today we are going to see how to connect different computers(either PCs or laptops) in a network, it doesn't matters whether the computer has Windows XP, 7 or 10 as its operating system.
Here we are using two PCs with one having XP, other has Win7 OS and a laptop having Win10 OS.
☞All computers must have a LAN card & LAN driver must be installed on that machine. To check whether the machine has LAN card you have to:Right Click on My computer→Manage→Device Manager→Network adapter
☞All machines must be connected with each other, either via cables or switch. To check whether the machine in a network are connected to switch or not.
Right Click on Network places→Properties→Right Click on Local Area connection→Properties→Check the box showing option "Show icon on notification area when connected".
☞If the symbol is showing Red Cross with Land Area Network icon.
Then it indicates :-
The cable may be faulty.
Connectors may be damaged.
LAN card may be damaged.
Switch may be powered off.
Connection may be loose.
Crimping may be wrong.
Switch port may be faulty.
Steps to connect computers in network:
☞Here is the table which we had to follow and had to assign usernames and passwords accordingly.
☞First of all change the name of computers. Right click on My Computer→Properties→Computer Name→Change→write new computer name as mentioned in above table i.e. XP, Win7 or Win10(each computer should have different name).
☞Then,we will assign ip addresses to computers -
⇝XP :- Start-Control Panel→Network Connection→Right click on Local area connection→Properties→Select TCP/IP Protocol→click on Properties→assign IP address & subnet mask→click on ok.
IP address : 10.0.0.1 Subnet mask : 255.0.0.0
⇝Win7 :- Start→Control Panel→category→large icons→Network & Sharing center→change adapter settings→Right click on Local area connection→Properties→Select TCP/IPv4 Protocol→click on Properties→assign IP address & subnet mask→click on ok→click on close button.
IP address . : 10.0.0.2 Subnet mask : 255.0.0.0
⇝Win10 :- Start→Settings→Network & Internet→Network & Sharing Center→change adapter settings→Right click on Local area connection→Properties→continue→Select TCP/IPv4 Protocol→click on Properties→assign IP address & subnet mask→click on ok→click on close button.
IP address . : 10.0.0.3 Subnet mask : 255.0.0.0
☞Next, we will check whether computers gets connected to network or not.
⇝To check, use the command:
Start→run→type & press enter→ping 10.0.0.1 [on Win7 or Win10 machine]
Start→run→type & press enter→ping 10.0.0.2 [on Win7 machine]
Start→run→type & press enter→ping 10.0.0.3 [on Win10 machine]
☞Suppose if you are not getting a reply from both the machines then you have to check the firewall settings either system may be infected with virus.
⇝To bypass Firewall in XP:- Start→Control Panel→Windows Firewall→Exceptions→Check the box→File & print Sharing→Click on ok
⇝To bypass Firewall in Win7:- Start→Control Panel→Windows Firewall→Allow a program & feature through windows firewall→change settings→Check the boxes of "File & print Sharing", "Core Networking" & "Network Discovery in both private & public box".
⇝To bypass Firewall in Win10:- Start→Control Panel→Windows Firewall→Allow a program through windows firewall→continue→Check the boxes of "File & print Sharing", "Core Networking" & "Network Discovery"→Click on apply→Click on ok.
☞Steps for assigning machine in workgroup.
⇝Right Click on My Computer→Properties→Computer Name→Change→Workgroup name
Assign the workgroup name: - STUDYTABLE
Click on OK-OK-OK-OK.
⇝Then it will restart the computer.
☞Finally we will see how to access machine in network:-
⇝Double click on Network places→Double click on view workgroup computer→now you will able see all computers like as XP, Win7 & Win10.
⇝Now Double click on desired computer then it will prompt you for username & password then give the username & password of remote computer & access it whatever data will shared.
⇝Now goto: start→run→type following command:
\\10.0.0.2\ - it will show you the entire shared data on 10.0.0.2 machine.
\\10.0.0.2\d\ - it will show you the D drive shared data on 10.0.0.2 machine.
\\wvu\ - it will show you the entire shared data on win7 machine.
\\wvu\d\ - it will show you the D drive shared data on win7 machine.
\\10.0.0.2\c$\ - Administrative Share because by default all drives are shared.
Note: For sharing file you have to turn on file sharing on network services:
⇝In Windows10: Start→Control Panel→Network & sharing centre→change advanced sharing settings→You have to click on: Turn on network Discovery, Turn on File & Print Sharing & Turn on Public folder sharing in both tab Public & Home.
⇝In Windows 7:Start→Control Panel→Network & sharing centre→change advanced sharing settings→You have to click on: Turn on network Discovery, Turn on File & Print Sharing & Turn on Public folder sharing in both tab Public & Home.
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